Kelvin W. Willoughby

What Can Be Patented?

Confronting the Confusion in Patent Law
About Patent Eligible Subject Matter

(Saarbrücken, Germany: Scholars’ Press, 2014)     ISBN: 978-3-639-70068-8

Patents play a critical role in business, society and technological innovation in the contemporary knowledge economy. The question of what types of inventions may be patented, however, has become highly contentious in patent offices, law courts, legislatures, scientific organizations, international trade forums and various business or social advocacy groups around the world. Under what conditions—if any—may computer software, DNA-based products, new business techniques, medical diagnostic methods, or systems operating over the Internet, for example, be patented? Conflict and confusion in the law surrounding these questions has created destructive uncertainty amongst technologists, entrepreneurs, investors, medical practitioners, community groups and policy makers. This book tackles the problem through a comparative study of statutory law and case law in the United States and Europe, as well as international law, concerned with what subject matter is patent eligible. In particular the book explores whether only technical inventions should be eligible for patent protection and, if so, whether those inventions must be physical in order to qualify as “technology” in patent law.

What Can Be Patented?

Confronting the Confusion in Patent Law About Patent Eligible Subject Matter

Kelvin W. Willoughby

Technology Choice


(Boulder and San Francisco: Westview Press, 1990).  © Prof. Kelvin W. Willoughby.


Purchase price:  US$20.00

Click the link or icon to download

the whole book as a single

PDF file (3.2 MB):

Technology-Choice.pdf


Note: Residents of countries outside the United States should obtain copies of the book from the publisher who owns the copyright for the rest of the world, Intermediate Technology Publications, Ltd. (trading as Practical Action Publishing) by visiting the Development Bookshop at:

http://www.developmentbookshop.com

You may download and print as many copies of this book as you wish at a cost of US$20.00 per copy. You may purchase the right to download and copy the book using a secure online payment system by clicking on the yellow “Click here ...” button above and following the online instructions. Pay US$20.00 for each copy of the book (either digital copy or paper copy) that you intend to make.  After making your payment, download the book by clicking on the “Technology Choice” link.

Kelvin W. Willoughby

Technology and the

Competititve Advantage of Regions

IURD Monograph No. 44 (Berkeley: University of California, 1993). © Prof. Kelvin W. Willoughby.


Click the link or the icon

to download a digital copy

of this book (PDF file, 2.1 MB):

Technology and the Competittive Advantage of Regions

Kelvin W. Willoughby & Jeremy Moon

An Evaluation of Local Enterprise

Initiatives: The Case of Esperance


(Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service, 1989).


Click here to obtain access

to a copy of this book:

An Evaluation of Local Enterprise Initiatives

Kelvin W. Willoughby

Technology for Employment Creation


Second Edition (Fremantle & Sydney : APACE Publications, 1985). © Prof. Kelvin W. Willoughby.


Click here to obtain a copy of this book:

Technology for Employment Creation


Zhouying Jin (author)

Kelvin W. Willoughby (editor & co-translator)

Ying Bai (co-translator)

Global Technological Change

From Hard Technology to Soft Technology


Second Edition (Bristol, UK; Portland, Oregon, USA: Intellect Books, 2010).



Purchase price:  £24.95, US$50

Click here to obtain a copy of this book from the publisher:

Global Technological Change


Kelvin W. Willoughby

Minnesota's Competitive Position in the BioBusiness Technology Industries.

(St. Louis Park, MN: BioBusiness Alliance of Minnesota, 2011)


BioBusiness-MInnesota-2011.pdf